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Fivetran integration

Extract, load, and transform your PlanetScale data with Fivetran.

With PlanetScale Connect, you can extract data from your PlanetScale database and safely load it into other destinations for analysis, transformation, and more.

We implemented a Fivetran connector as the pipeline between your PlanetScale source and selected destination. This document will walk you through connecting your PlanetScale database to Fivetran.

Connect to Fivetran

Sign up for the PlanetScale connector private preview

Currently, the PlanetScale connector is in private preview mode in Fivetran. To get access:

  1. Log into your Fivetran dashboard
  2. Click on "Add connector" and set up your destination (if needed)
  3. On the "Browse our data sources" page, type planetscale in the search box
  4. Click on the "Contact us" button in the PlanetScale search result
  5. Fill out the form and submit

The Fivetran team will reach out to grant you access to the private preview.


  • A PlanetScale database
  • A Fivetran account
  • Access to the private preview of the PlanetScale connector in Fivetran

Connect using private networking


You must be using the PlanetScale Enterprise single-tenant deployment option and on a Fivetran Business Critical plan to use private networking.

If you are using private networking and not connecting directly to your PlanetScale database, the Fivetran integration supports AWS PrivateLink and GCP Private Service Connect. See the Fivetran AWS Private Link setup guide or Fivetran GCP Private Service Connect setup guide for details.

Set up Fivetran

  1. In the Fivetran dashboard, click on "Add connector," set up your destination (if needed), and search for planetscale on the “Browse our data sources” page. Once selected, you should see the PlanetScale connector settings page.
  2. In PlanetScale, navigate to the database you want to connect to Fivetran and click the "Connect" button.
  3. Create a new password for your main branch with read-only permissions.
  4. Select "General" from the "Connect with" dropdown and leave this tab open, as you'll need to copy these credentials shortly.
  5. Back in Fivetran, in your connector setup form, enter the connector values as follows:
  • Destination schema: This prefix applies to each replicated schema and cannot be changed once your connector is created. Note: Each replicated schema is appended with _planetscale at the end of your chosen name.
  • Database host name: Paste in the copied value for host
  • Database name: Paste in the copied value for database
  • Database username: Paste in the copied value for username
  • Database password: Paste in the copied value for password
  • Comma-separated list of shards to sync (optional): If your PlanetScale database is not sharded, ignore this field. If the database is sharded, by default, the PlanetScale connector will download rows from all shards in the database. To pick which shards are synced by the connector, you can optionally provide a comma-separated list of shards in the connector configuration.
  • Use replica?: In PlanetScale, VStream will connect to the primary tablet for your database, which also serves queries to your database. To lessen the load on the primary tablet, set this to true to make Vstream read from a replica of your database.
  • Treat tinyint(1) as boolean (optional): You can choose to have the connector transform tinyint(1) type columns in your database to either true or false.
  • Fivetran IPs (optional): If your connection string was created with IP restrictions, ensure that the Fivetran IP ranges are added to the password.
  1. Click "Save & Test". Fivetran tests and validates our connection to your PlanetScale database. Upon successfully completing the setup tests, you can sync your data using Fivetran.

Sync overview

Once Fivetran is connected to your PlanetScale primary or read replica, we pull a complete dump of all selected data from your database. The connector then connects to your database's VStream to pull all your new and changed data at regular intervals. VStream is Vitess' change tracking mechanism that is underneath every PlanetScale database. If data in the source changes (for example, you add new tables or change a data type), the connector automatically detects and persists these changes into your destination.

Syncing empty tables and columns

Fivetran can sync empty tables and columns for your PlanetScale connector. For more information, see the Fivetran features documentation.

Schema information

Fivetran tries to replicate the exact schema and tables from your PlanetScale source database to your destination according to our standard database update strategies. For every schema in the PlanetScale database you connect, we create a schema in your destination that maps directly to its native schema. This ensures that the data in your destination is in a familiar format to work with.

Fivetran-generated columns

Fivetran adds the following columns to every table in your destination:

  • _fivetran_deleted (BOOLEAN) marks deleted rows in the source database.
  • _fivetran_synced (UTC TIMESTAMP) indicates when Fivetran last successfully synced the row.
  • _fivetran_index (INTEGER) shows the order of updates for tables that do not have a primary key.
  • _fivetran_id (STRING) is the hash of the non-Fivetran values of each row. It's a unique ID that Fivetran uses to avoid duplicate rows in tables that do not have a primary key.

We add these columns to give you insight into the state of your data and the progress of your data syncs.

Type transformations and mapping

As the connector extracts your data, the connector matches MySQL data types in your PlanetScale database to types that Fivetran supports. If the connector doesn't support a specific data type, the connector automatically changes that type to the closest supported type or, for some types, does not load that data at all. Our system automatically skips columns with data types we do not accept or transform.

The following table illustrates how we transform your MySQL data types into Fivetran-supported types:

MySQL TypeFivetran Data TypeFivetran SupportedNotes
BITBOOLEANTrueBIT type with a single digit is supported.
DATEDATETrueInvalid values will be loaded as NULL or EPOCH if the type is a primary key.
DATETIMETIMESTAMP_NTZTrueInvalid values will be loaded as NULL or EPOCH if the type is a primary key.
TIMESTAMPTIMESTAMPTrueMYSQL always stores timestamps in UTC. Invalid values will be loaded as NULL or EPOCH if the type is a primary key.
TINYINTBOOLEANTrueIf you select Treat TinyInt(1) as boolean in the connector configuration, we will enforce that the tinyint is either 1 or 0 and return true/false accordingly.
TINYINTINTEGERTrueIn all other cases, the destination type for TINYINT columns will be INTEGER. If the width isn't specified to be exactly 1 (either no specification or a value other than 1), the destination type will be INTEGER, even if the column contains only 1s or 0s.

If the connector is missing an important data type that you need, please contact us.

In some cases, when loading data into your destination, the connector may need to convert Fivetran data types into data types supported by the destination. For more information, see the individual data destination pages.

Unparsable values

When the connector encounters an unparsable value of one of the following data types, the connector substitutes it with a default value. The default value the connector uses depends on whether the unparsable value is in a primary key column or non-primary key column:

MySQL TypePrimary Key ValueNon-Primary Key Value

Although we may be able to read some values outside the supported DATE, DATETIME, and TIMESTAMP ranges as defined by MySQL's documentation, there is no guarantee. Additionally, the special zero value 0000-00-00 00:00:00 is subject to this rule.

Excluding source data

If you don’t want to sync all the data from your database, you can exclude schemas, tables, or columns from your syncs on your Fivetran dashboard. To do so, go to your connector details page and uncheck the objects you want to omit from syncing. For more information, see the Fivetran column Blocking documentation.

Initial sync

When Fivetran connects to a new database, the connector first copies all rows from every table in every schema for which we have SELECT permission (except those you have excluded in your Fivetran dashboard) and add Fivetran-generated columns. Tables are copied in ascending size order (from smallest to largest). The connector copies rows by performing a SELECT statement on each table. For large tables, we copy a limited number of rows at a time so that we don't have to start the sync again from the beginning if our connection is lost midway.

The duration of initial syncs can vary depending on the number and size of tables to be imported. We, therefore, interleave incremental updates with the table imports during the initial sync.

Updating data

Fivetran performs incremental updates of any new or modified data from your source database. The connector uses Vitess's inbuilt VStream VGtids, which allows Fivetran to update only the data that has changed since our last sync.

Deleted rows

The connector does not delete rows from the destination. It handles deletes as part of streaming changes from VStream. Note: We only process DELETE events from the stream.

Deleted columns

The connector does not delete columns from your destination. When a column is deleted from the source table, it replaces the existing values in the corresponding destination column with NULL values.

Adding and dropping columns

When you add or drop a column, the connector attempts to migrate your destination schema to the new table structure automatically. In some cases, it will be unable to do this and instead perform an automatic re-sync of the changed table.

In the following scenarios, Fivetran will re-sync your table instead of automatically migrating it:

  • Changing column order
  • Changing primary keys
  • Modifying ENUM or SET columns

PlanetScale billing

PlanetScale Connect is available on all our plans.

Every Fivetran connection sync will count toward your plan's rows read. When setting up your connection, ensure you know the impact on rows read.

Need help?

Get help from the PlanetScale support team, or join our GitHub discussion board to see how others are using PlanetScale.

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